Traces of a seven-thousand-year-old village were found in the 11th district

Hungarian version of the article: Hétezer éves falu nyomaira bukkantak a XI. kerületben

November 9, 2021 at 2:30 PM

Archaeologists excavated the remains of a seven thousand years old settlement in the 11th district on Madárhegy. Fragments of mainly pottery and animal bones left behind by Stone Age people were found in the pits.

New remnants of a prehistoric seven thousand years old settlement were identified in the 11th district on Madárhegy, the staff of the Budapest History Museum writes in its report their page, the archeological portal regeszet.aquincum.hu.

As they write, the in 2016, a previously unknown Neolithic site was discovered on the so-called Spanyolrét part of the 11th district bordering Budaörs, during the construction of a condominium. Later, during the basic excavation of two more condominiums, smaller excavations were carried out in this settlement, which is about 7,000 years old. 

From September this year, the construction of sewers and water mains began on the neighboring Madárhegy. During the demolition work, archaeologists excavated more than 50 archeological objects in the narrow (60-100 centimeters wide) utility trenches. Most of the objects were simple pits, from which fragments of pottery and animal bones left behind by Stone Age people were excavated. 

Fragment of a vessel with painted-scratched decoration (Photo: regeszet.aquincum.hu)

Based on the engraved and painted pieces of fine ceramics, most of the finds can be attributed to the so-called Zseliz group of the Transdanubian line-decorated pottery culture (DVK), although there are also pieces with earlier decorations. Only a few small, round column holes suggest the possible location of half-timbered houses well known from this era. 

Nearby are a number of vacant plots awaiting construction, on which preventive excavations will be carried out in the near future. It is already clear from the current research that the extent of the Neolithic site is several times higher than previously estimated, and even Roman and Avar / Árpádian involvement has been proven during the work. One of the reasons for the Stone Age settlement may have been the good water supply of the area, which was provided by streams.

The full article can be read here.

Source: regeszet.aquincum.hu

Cover photo: Archaeologists found a Neolithic site in the 11th district (Photo: regeszet.aquincum.hu)


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