Archaeologists unearth early Bronze Age tombs in Csepel – Finds reveal scattered ash burials

February 6, 2021 at 4:30 PM

Archaeological excavations within the Csepel Freeport have uncovered artefacts from the Early Bronze Age. Although the material of the prehistoric pits is still being studied, the site of scattered ash-rite burials dating back to the Early Bronze Age is especially of note. Excavations have revealed ten vessels, making it clear that Csepel has been inhabited since prehistoric times.

"Artefacts and phenomena from the Early Bronze Age were discovered during recent research in the area of the Csepel Freeport," reads the report of the Budapest History Museum published on the archaeological portal regeszet.aquincum.hu.

In December 2020 and January of this year, archaeologists excavated an area of the Csepel Freeport. The site spread to the north of the Csepel-D3 hall excavated over the summer. A total of 80 Avar tombs were identified in the area, of which fifty-two have been excavated.

According to the report, a trial excavation at the future D4 Hall and the adjacent Archive building revealed a layer of archaeological significance. Seven prehistoric objects, a late medieval ditch, and a column pile of indefinite age were found in the yellow subsoil. The material of the prehistoric pits is still being studied, but a site of scattered ash-rite burials dating back to the Early Bronze Age is of note.

Fragments of ten vessels placed next to the scattered ash burial site (Photo: regeszet.aquincum.hu)

The archaeological portal writes that ten vessels were unearthed which were used during the burial, arranged in a row from west to east. The fragments may have belonged to pots, jars and/or bowls based on their shape and size. Remains of human ashes suggestive of burial and tiny calcined bone remains were found in traces in the north-eastern part of the tomb and between two vessels. The burial can be attributed to the early period of the Nagyrév culture.

It is also clear from these excavations and the limited data that the northern part of Csepel has been inhabited since prehistoric times.

Read the full article in Hungarian here.

Source: regeszet.aquincum.hu

Cover photo: Archaeologists uncover early Bronze Age finds in Csepel (Photo: regeszet.aquincum.hu)


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